Red is an elemental colour: the colour of blood, heat and fire, the colour perceived to be at the top of a rainbow. Red’s associations are with power and prestige, protection, life and death, fertility, sexiness, virility and vitality. Most cultures’ languages have a name or words for the colour red, along with black and white, but not necessarily other colours. Red, in the form of red ochre is a pigment found in the art and body adornment from pre-historic times to the present day.
In the Western art world red is regarded as one of the three primary colours; a colour that is not arrived at by the mixing of other colours, like its complementary green (yellow + blue) or its neighbours on the colour wheel, purple (red + blue) or orange (red + yellow) or its variant, pink (red + white).